Carbohydrates (CHO) or “Carbs” are found in grains, vegetables and fruits. Its also the main source of energy in a healthy diet. Carbs provide energy to the body in the form of glucose (stored as glycogen), which acts as building blocks for chemicals made by the body, and are also used to repair tissue damage. It’s unfortunate that many people think Carbs are unhealthy and lead to weight gain. This most likely came about because many people add high Fat sources and toppings to thier starchy foods.
There are 2 types of carbs (CHO): Simple and Complex
Simple (CHO): Has 1 or 2 sugar molecules hooked together. e.g . glucose, table sugar, sugars in fruit, honey, sugar in milk (lactose), maple syrup, and molasses. Simple sugars are added to some processed foods and provide extra kcals (calories).
Complex (CHO): Has 3 or more simple sugars hooked together and are digested into simple sugars by the body. e.g. whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes (peas, beans). Both starch (digestable) and dietary fiber (indigestable) are forms of complex CHO. Although dietary fiber does not provide any kcals (calories), for health reasons it is recommended that adults eat 20-35 grams of fiber per day. This is achieved by eating more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.