Vitamins and minerals do not provide kcals (calories) but both facilitate release of energy from Carbs (CHO), Proteins and Fats. Vitamins are classified as Fat or Water soluble.
Fat soluable: absorbed with dietary Fat and can be stored in the body. These include Vitamins A, D, E, K.
Water soluable: not stored in the body and excess is excreted in the urine. These include the C and B Vitamins.
Minerals are classified according to thier concentrations and functions in the body.
Minerals – e.g.: Calcium and Magnesium
Trace Minerals – (less abundant) e.g.: Zinc, copper, and iron
Electrolytes -e.g.: Sodium, Potassium and Chloride.